Chinese Journal of Cancerindexed by SCI
《癌症》杂志
BMC

[ Special series on Esophageal Carcinoma ]
doi: 10.1186/s40880-016-0169-0
Prognostic values of apoptosis-stimulating P53-binding protein 1 and 2 and their relationships with clinical characteristics of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients: a retrospective study
Xiao-Feng Xie, Qing Yang, Jun Chi, Xian-Zi Yang, Hui-Yun Wang and Guo-Liang Xu
State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center; Department of Endoscopy and Laser, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center; Guangdong Esophageal Cancer Institute
[Abstract]

Background
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death, and new prognostic biomarkers are urgently needed. Apoptosis-stimulating P53-binding protein 1 (ASPP1) and 2 (ASPP2) have been reported to play important roles in the development, progression, metastasis, and prognosis of cancers, but their roles in ESCC have not been elucidated. In this study, we examined the expression of ASPP1 and ASPP2 in ESCC to evaluate their prognostic values.
Methods
The protein expression of ASPP1, ASPP2, and P53 in 175 specimens of ESCC was detected using immunohistochemical staining; their expression in cancerous and noncancerous tissues was scored according to the staining intensity and the percentage of stained cells. The associations of ASPP1, ASPP2, and P53 with clinicopathologic parameters, overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS) were analyzed.
Results
The protein expression levels of ASPP2 and P53 were significantly higher in cancerous tissues than in paired noncancerous tissues (P < 0.001), whereas the expression levels of ASPP1 in the two groups were similar. In ESCCs, ASPP1 expression was significantly associated with histological differentiation (P = 0.002) and invasive depth (P = 0.014); ASPP2 expression was associated with age (P = 0.029) and histological differentiation (P < 0.001); and P53 expression was associated with age (P = 0.021) and tumor size (P = 0.040). No correlations were found between ASPP1, ASPP2, and P53 expression. Survival analysis revealed that high ASPP2 expression was significantly associated with increased 5-year OS (P = 0.001) and DFS rates (P = 0.010) and that high P53 expression was significantly associated with a reduced 5-year DFS rate of ESCC patients (P = 0.015). Multivariate Cox analysis indicated that ASPP2 was an independent predictor of OS [hazard ratio (HR): 0.541, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.363–0.804] and DFS (HR: 0.599, 95% CI 0.404–0.888) of ESCC patients and that P53 was an independent predictor of DFS (HR: 2.161, 95% CI 1.100–4.245).
Conclusions
ASPP1 might be involved in the progression of ESCC, and ASPP2 was a potential prognostic biomarker of ESCC and should be evaluated in future studies.
Chinese Journal of Cancer 2017, Volume: 36, Issue 2
[ PDF Full-text ]
[ Html full-text / Citation export] (BioMed Central)

[Google Scholar]


[ More articles of the special series on Esophageal Carcinoma ]


Cite this article

Xiao-Feng Xie, Qing Yang, Jun Chi, Xian-Zi Yang, Hui-Yun Wang and Guo-Liang Xu. Prognostic values of apoptosis-stimulating P53-binding protein 1 and 2 and their relationships with clinical characteristics of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients: a retrospective study. Chin J Cancer. 2017, 36:15. doi:10.1186/s40880-016-0169-0


Export citations

EndNote


SHARE THIS ARTICLE


Your Comments

  

 


Comments:


CJC Wechat 微信公众号

CJC触屏版


 

Editorial Manager


CJC adopts Editorial Manager to manage its submissions from Dec.18, 2014
 

 

Reference style for  

 EndNote,
 Reference Manager



Editorial Manager


 

Year:

 

Month:

Advanced search

Subscription


CJC is now published by BioMed Central

© Chinese Journal of Cancer

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center

651 Dongfeng Road East, Guangzhou 510060, P. R. China